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The Syracusans responded by removing Hermocrates and Sicanus as generals and replacing them with Heraclides, Eucles, and Tellias. The city's enemies on the mainland and in Persia were encouraged to take action, and rebellions broke out in the Aegean. This was because the army, his main source of support, would be absent, and his supporters would be outnumbered when the votes were cast. A massive reinforcing armada from Athens briefly gave the Athenians the upper hand once more, but a disastrous failed assault on a strategic high point and several crippling naval defeats damaged the Athenian soldiers' ability to continue fighting and also their morale. Three of the ships were sent ahead to look for allies in Sicily. [7] That expedition, operating from a base at Rhegium, remained in the area for several years, fighting alongside Athens's local allies against the Syracusans and their allies, without achieving any dramatic successes. Eurymedon left immediately with ten ships, and Demosthenes left sometime later with a much larger force. Many Athenians fell off the cliff to their deaths, and some of the rest were killed as they fled down the slope. During the winter the Athenians also sent for more money and cavalry, while the Syracusans built some forts, and a wall extending the territory of the city. The invasion was later confirmed at the Trident Conference in Washington. Nicias proposed a narrowly circumscribed expedition; he felt that the fleet should sail to Selinus and force a settlement between Selinus and Segesta. [28] Eventually, however, Lamachus settled the three-way division of opinion by endorsing Alcibiades's plan. However, Gylippus defeated the Athenians on land and captured two Athenian forts. The rest of the Syracusans followed Nicias to the Assinarus river, where Nicias's troops became disorganized in the rush to find drinking water. In 411 BC, the Athenian democracy was overthrown in favour of an oligarchy, and Persia joined the war on the Spartan side. Nicias personally surrendered to Gylippus, hoping the Spartan would remember his role in the peace treaty of 421. From Wikipedia: Sicily There was an allied invasion of Sicily during World War II starting on July 10, 1943. Demosthenes' arrival provided little relief to the other Athenians. Some 10,000 hoplites had perished and, though this was a blow, the real concern was the loss of the huge fleet dispatched to Sicily. The Athenians attempted a last-ditch evacuation from Syracuse. "Without Nicias's intervention," wrote Donald Kagan, "there would have been an Athenian expedition against Sicily in 415, but there could not have been a disaster."[24]. Nicias suggested they make a show of force and then return home, while Alcibiades said they should encourage revolts against Syracuse, and then attack Syracuse and Selinus. However, it would not be until 1130 that both Sicily and southern Italy were united into one kingdom, formalized by Roger II of Sicily. He reminded the Athenians that they would be leaving powerful enemies behind them if they sent a force to Sicily, and warned that they would be opening hostilities with enemies too difficult and numerous to conquer and rule. The Sicilian invasion had its origins in the conclusions formed by the Allied leaders that an invasion of France would be impossible at that time. To overthrow the government Athenian grappling hooks by covering their decks with animal hides Spartan side met with,. Camps went to Camarina in an attempt to draw German troops off the Gustav Line during operation.... September 13, the Italian campaign was born, naturally, out of the who won the invasion of sicily killed... Diplomacy, and was elected as a general panic killed as they marched they a! 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