península itálica
The original vetus urbs (old town) lies under the present town of Santiponce. En el siglo I a. C., el toro, símbolo de los pueblos sublevados contra Roma, es representado en la monedas emitidas por los insurrectos abatiendo a una loba, símbolo de Roma: la leyenda viteliú (de los ítalos) confirma que vinculaban el nombre de Italia con el ternero-toro. Toda la península, administrativamente, pertenece a Italia, aunque una parte muy pequeña depende de los pequeños países de Ciudad del Vaticano y San Marino. [1]​ Queda, de momento, al margen el pueblo etrusco que, con una implantación problemática y un evidente protagonismo a mediados del I milenio a. C., resulta por fin también absorbido en el proceso de expansión romana.[1]​. Los límites geográficos de la península itálica no están claros, aceptándose unas veces el curso del río Po, otras una línea que une el golfo de Génova con Venecia y otras la propia cordillera de los Alpes. Plácido Suárez, Domingo; Alvar Ezquerra, Jaime; González Wagner, Carlos (1991). Es una de las penínsulas más grandes de Europa, extendiéndose unos 1000 km de noroeste a sudeste. Se caracteriza por su forma de «bota», por lo que es llamada en italiano Lo stivale, «La bota». [1]​ El esfuerzo es evidentemente digno de alabanza y los progresos aparecen favorables. The name Italica reflected the veterans' Italian origins. It was the birthplace of Roman Emperors Trajan, Hadrian, and Theodosius (possibly). The archaeological site of Italica encompasses mainly the nova urbs with its many fine buildings from the Hadrianic period. The vetus urbs (original or "old" city) developed into a prosperous city and was built on a Hippodamian street plan[4] [5] with public buildings and a forum at the centre, linked to a busy river port. It is nicknamed lo Stivale (the Boot). Italica (Spanish: Itálica) north of modern-day Santiponce, 9 km northwest of Seville in southern Spain, was an Italic settlement founded by the Roman general Scipio in the province of Hispania Baetica. Con el tiempo, el nombre se extendió por toda la Italia meridional para abarcar después toda la península. Italica thrived especially under the patronage of Hadrian, like many other cities in the empire under his influence at this time, but it was especially favoured as his birthplace. This page was last edited on 3 August 2020, at 20:05. The first law of protection for the site took effect in 1810 under the Napoleonic occupation, reinstating its old name of Italica, and allocating an annual budget for regular excavation. On the other hand, Sicily and other smaller islands off the peninsula may be geographically grouped along with it. It was the birthplace of Roman Emperors Trajan, Hadrian, [1] and Theodosius (possibly). One of the first excavators was the British textile merchant and Seville resident Nathan Wetherell, who uncovered nearly 10 Roman inscriptions in the vicinity of Italica in the 1820s that were later donated to the British Museum. It is nicknamed lo Stivale (the Boot). Italica was founded in 206 BC by the great Roman general Publius Cornelius Scipio (later given the nickname Africanus) to settle victorious Italic veterans from auxiliary units that took part in the Second Punic War against Hannibal and the Carthaginians, and close enough to the Guadalquivir to control the area. For the Canadian newspaper, see, Population includes only the inhabitants of the Italian peninsula (excluding, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine–oak forests, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Italian_Peninsula&oldid=984895218, Metropolitan or continental parts of states, Articles needing additional references from January 2012, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 19:01. Sicilia, Cerdeña y Córcega no pasarán a formar parte de Italia hasta el siglo III d. C., como consecuencia de las reformas administrativas de Diocleciano. The aqueduct[17] of 37 km total length was first built in the 1st c. AD and extended under Hadrian to add a more distant source for supplying the expanded city. As no modern city covered many of Italica's buildings of the nova urbs, the result is an unusually well-preserved Roman city with cobbled Roman streets and mosaic floors still in situ. The backbone of the Italian Peninsula consists of the Apennine Mountains, from which it takes one of its names. Peninsula Italică sau peninsula Apeninică ( italiană: Penisola italiana sau Penisola appenninica) este una dintre cele mai mari peninsule din Europa, întinzându-se pe 1000 km de la Alpi în nord la Marea Mediterană centrală în sud. [1]​ Sin embargo, también se han manifestado diversos problemas procedentes de la misma metodología utilizada para el estudio, problemas que, desde luego, sólo se han hecho a la luz gracias a la aplicación misma, rigurosa y sistemática de dicha metodología. No forman parte de la península los territorios italianos de la parte norte, la zona de los Alpes y la llanura del Po, además de las islas de Sicilia y Cerdeña.

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