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As above except cap bright pale pink to flesh-pink becoming yellowish tan; stalk base sometimes coated with shorter matted whitish fibrils; not growing in clusters: 45. 6. 27. 9. Spore print buff to pink to salmon or pinkish brown: 27. 19. 43. Cap glabrous, usually yellowish or with a yellow tint; gills pallid to greenish at first, becoming smoky gray at maturity; usually growing on wood or humus, or in moss; spores usually smooth with an apical pore: Genus, 19. Not as in any of the above choices; found on the ground, usually under conifers, aspen or oak trees: Genus Tricholoma 10. Cap variously colored, typically 2" (5 cm) wide at most, often conic or bell-shaped, cap margin usually striate when fresh; gills variously attached; stalk typically slender, 1/8" (3 mm) thick, and fragile; spores smooth, amyloid or inamyloid: Genus Mycena True gills are individual, blade-like structures. All rights reserved. Stalk quite slender and fragile but not brittle as described above; spores smooth, with an apical pore, the apex often flattened: Genus Conocybe Cap 2" (5 cm) wide at most, surface dry, coated with short, erect, brown scales over a grayish brown to yellowish ground color; scales fragile, soon powdery and easily removed; gills free, bright to dark red, becoming brown; partial veil membranous, leaving remnants on upper stalk and on the cap margin; stalk scurfy to nearly smooth; spore print dull red when fresh, drying purplish brown; spores 5–7 x 2–3 µm: Melanophyllum echinatum (Roth : Fries) Singer Observe how the gills attach to the stem. 19. Cap fleshy, white to grayish to brownish, often bruising blackish; sometimes abundant in a small area, often clustered; gills variously attached, but often staining and/or bruising blackish; usually growing in woody dirt or on dirty wood; spores variously shaped, smooth or ornamented, inamyloid: Genus. While many wild mushrooms are nutritious, delicious, and safe to eat, others can pose a serious risk to your health. Spore print yellowish brown to brown, lacking an orange to red tint: 5. 12. Partial veil membranous (check young specimens): 16. Spore print pink, tan, yellow, or darker: 4. The caps become sticky when wet are a often stuck with leaf debris. Spores: 8-10 x 6.5-9 µm, with scattered warts. 10. 35. Next, oyster mushrooms are unique in that they have decurrent gills. Cap brownish yellow to yellowish brown with a white bloom, especially at the center; gills becoming distinctly rust-colored, spore print distinctly rust-colored; membranous partial veil present, leaving a membranous ring on the stalk; spores warty to wrinkled, dextrinoid: Rozites caperata (Fries) Karsten Spore print yellowish; cap smooth to finely velvety in age, up to 4" (10 cm) wide, variously yellow to green or purple in color; gills yellow, neither forked nor crossveined; mushroom tough, not decaying readily; found only in autumn after frosts, on decaying wood; spores smooth, sausage-shaped, amyloid: 26. 23. Mushroom typically white overall; cap dry, smooth, thick-fleshed; gill layer readily separable from flesh of the cap; base of stalk attached to copious white mycelium which binds together a substantial mass of dead leaves/needles etc. Gills attached but often appearing free; partial veil absent; cap usually conic, thin-fleshed; stem slender, often twisted, fragile, usually not white, base typically coated with white mycelium; spores angular, with a pointed apex: Genus Nolanea Gills repeatedly and regularly forked: 32. 22. Not as in the previous choice; growing on stumps, logs, or twigs, etc: 39. 28. 2. Not as in any of the above choices; growing on the ground: 12. Spore print pale yellowish cream to orangish yellow: 4. Cap pinkish at first, fading to buff; gills decurrent, white to pinkish, some distinctly forked, typically crossveined; growing on or about decaying conifer wood or needle litter; odor strongly fragrant, reminiscent of bubble gum; spores 3–5 x 2–3 µm, elliptic, smooth, dextrinoid; edibility unknown: 35. 36. Not as in either of the above choices: 23. 40. Cap smooth, convex to flat, often with an umbo, texture like leather, white to yellowish to dark brown, often hygrophanous; gills crowded, attached, never decurrent, white; stalk usually tall, slender, longitudinally-striate; often found on humus, sometimes on lawns, never on decaying wood; spores warty, with a plage, amyloid: Genus Melanoleuca Not as in either of the above choices; odor often farinaceous; spores more or less elliptic, with longitudinal ridges, appearing angular only in end view: Genus, 27. Cap fibrous to finely scaly, usually yellow to reddish orange; flesh typically distinctly yellowish; gills often yellowish or orangish, gill edges often appearing ragged or fringed; spores smooth, inamyloid: Genus Tricholomopsis Cap glabrous and hygrophanous, often appearing zoned; usually in clusters on wood; spores smooth, usually with an apiculus and/or an apical pore which, in some species, causes the spore to appear truncate: Genus Pholiota Dried mushrooms reviving when moistened; cap convex to umbilicate to radially grooved, like an umbrella, smooth to finely velvety, white, gray or brown to orangish or reddish; flesh typically so thin as to be virtually nonexistent; gills variously attached to the stalk or to a collar; stalk typically bristle-like, always thin, less than 1/16" (2 mm) thick; usually growing on dead plant matter (wood, leaves, needles, etc. 40. 16. 39. Usually growing in clusters of 10 or more specimens; caps viscid, yellowish brown to reddish brown; stalk dark brown and velvety at the base; spores smooth, elliptic, inamyloid: Flammulina velutipes (Fries) Karsten 21. 37. 35. Spore print greenish brown to yellowish brown; gills attached to decurrent, crossveined to almost poroid, yellowish at first; gill layer easily separable from the cap flesh; cap surface blueing with ammonia; spores smooth, asymetric, inamyloid; cystidia typically abundant, clamp connections absent: Genus, 4. 37. Gill edges appearing distinctly white-fringed (use a hand lens); spores smooth, inamyloid, usually elliptic; gills with prominent cheilocystidia: Genus Tricholomopsis Like most of the fungi in this genus, it is a gregarious mushroom and often forms large arcs or even complete fairy rings. 12. Cap white or light gray or yellow, convex to funnel-shaped that may have inrolled margin, sticky when moist. 28. Agaricus arvensis often smells similar to anise. 13. 32. 41. Cap 1" (2.5 cm) wide at most, usually white to brown or purplish; stalk, if present, rudimentary, typically minutely velvety: Genus. Cap and gills orange overall; gills somewhat decurrent, repeatedly and regularly forked but not crossveined; growing on or about decaying conifer wood or needle litter; spores elliptic to cylindric, smooth, mostly dextrinoid: Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca (Wulfen : Fries) Maire 15. Gills attached to decurrent; gills, cap flesh, or stalk exuding latex when cut; universal veil, partial veil and ring absent; spore print white, cream, or yellow to ochre; spores with various amyloid ornamentations: Genus Lactarius Order your autographed copy of Mushrooms of Northeastern North America now! Gills free; partial veil present, usually leaving a ring on the stalk; mushroom terrestrial: 6. 4. 26. 7. 37. Ring or veil: None. Not as in either of the above choices: 19. Partial veil absent even in young specimens: 23. Found on magnolia cones or sweetgum fruit; spores smooth, elliptic, inamyloid: Strobilurus conigenoides (Ellis) Singer 3. Cap gray to grayish brown, with darker radial fibers; gills white, very broad; stalk white, with thick white cords attached to the base; found on or about well-decayed logs and stumps; spores oval, smooth, inamyloid: Megacollybia platyphylla (Persoon : Fries) Kotlaba and Pouzar Other identification features: Cap. Regionally, the short-stalked russula is known from Alaska, BC, and southwards to forested areas of Washington and Oregon1. Cap and gills orange overall; gills somewhat decurrent, repeatedly and regularly forked but not crossveined; growing on or about decaying conifer wood or needle litter; spores elliptic to cylindric, smooth, mostly dextrinoid: Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca (Wulfen : Fries) Maire This mushroom has a mealy odor, somewhat like cucumber. Not as in either of the above choices, but spore print white to cream: 2. Cap typically convex, 2½” (6.5 cm) wide at most, hygrophanous, usually with tiny white veil patches, especially near the margin; fibrous or membranous partial veil present when young; spore print pale yellowish to cinnamon-brown; spores smooth, lacking a pore: Genus Tubaria 11. Mushrooms of Northeastern North America, 1. • HOME • lawn & garden mushrooms • mushroom links • medicinal mushrooms 12. Cap often pinkish, usually finely scaly when dry; gills attached to decurrent, pinkish or flesh-colored to purplish, usually appearing thick and/or waxy; stalk fibrous, tough; spores inamyloid, minutely spiny except smooth in one species: Genus Laccaria Back to top Poison Control: 8. They may be "free", meaning they don't attach to the stem at all as with portobellos or amanitas. 31. 3. Spore print white to cream, but mushroom not otherwise as in any of the above choices; gills attached; other characters exceedingly variable: 32. Flesh mild to bitter; spores smooth, inamyloid: Genus Lentinus Cap white, less than 1" (2.5 cm) wide, smooth to minutely hairy, soft-fleshed; gills finely fringed (use a hand lens); spores round to rounded-angular, inamyloid: 31. 16. Partial veil absent even in young specimens: 21. 27. As in the previous choice except tuber yellowish orange, more or less round; spores smooth, elliptic to oval or lacrymoid, inamyloid: 37. Lower stalk markedly swollen, cylindric to club-shaped, mostly buried; spores smooth, elliptic, inamyloid: Squamanita umbonata (Sumstine) Bas 24. The gills are white to … Cap smooth, white, not scaly; spore print white to pale pink; growing on lawns or grassy areas; spores with an apical pore: Lepiota naucinoides Peck 27. Gill edges whitish, finely serrate; partial veil absent; cap minutely powdery or velvety; spores smooth, lacking an apical pore: Simocybe centunculus (Fries) Karsten All parts staining or bruising blackish; spores smooth to finely warty or spiny, round to elliptic or cylindric but sometimes appearing triangular, inamyloid: Genus Lyophyllum 5. 26. Cap about 1–3" (2.5–7.5 cm) wide, flesh-colored to apricot to reddish pink, surface wrinkled, veined or netted; gills attached; mushroom growing on wood; spores globose or nearly so, minutely warty or spiny, inamyloid: Rhodotus palmatus (Bulliard : Fries) Maire Cap flesh-pink to pale vinaceous pink, becoming pale pinkish brown to pinkish tan or yellowish tan at the center, less than 2" (5 cm) wide; margin usually inrolled at first; flesh thin, white; gills white to cream, close to crowded, attached at first, becoming decurrent in age, finely scalloped, becoming eroded in age; stalk less than 2" (5 cm) long, no more than ¼” (7 mm) thick, pink overall at first, becoming dingy yellow to yellowish tan, with a narrow white zone at the apex, typically coated with long white hairs near or at the base; often growing in clusters; spores smooth, elliptic to oval, inamyloid: 45. British Columbia: 604-682-5050 or 1-800-567-8911. Not as in either of the above choices: 23. 44. ); spores smooth, dextrinoid, amyloid or inamyloid: Genus Lepiota and Allies 3. 18. 35. 6. Gills decurrent, spaced together rather closely, and whitish, although they often develop a pinkish hue in age. ; odor strongly fragrant, reminiscent of bubble gum; spores 3–5 x 2–3 um, elliptic, smooth, dextrinoid; edibility unknown: Hygrophoropsis olida (Quélet) Métrod : 8-10 x 6.5-9 µm, with scattered warts, needles, leaves, humus 43! Forests, both with oaks ( Quercus spp. coming together resembling a stem at all as oyster. 1.2 to 3.1 in ) long x 2-5 cm wide, white guide..., twigs, needles, leaves, humus: 43 thick, and Douglas fir Pseudotsuga!, brownish salmon or pinkish brown: 26 this means they ’ re to..., 2007 by David W. Fischer means they ’ re attached to the stem and a bulbous or sack base. The Tricholoma family also have spores that appear somewhat pinkish in mass picked off separate from the cap be invisible!, humus: 40 i 'm sure that someone somewhere has listed it as decurrent serrate... ( 7.5 cm ) wide at most: 41 litter, photograph by H.. A volva annulus ring ) is shell-shaped, with the gills coming together a... Quercus white mushroom decurrent gills. odor, somewhat like cucumber off separate from the Denver Botanical Garden expert medical advice 24 a! Very young specimens ): 17 fungi but it means you will be the... Mushroom has a mealy odor, somewhat like cucumber with scattered warts the caps become sticky when.! A stem at the base of a dead tree stump the Tricholoma family also have that. A week kinds of forests, both with oaks ( Quercus spp. they can be found inside round Size... Persoon: Fries ) Singer 39 of both is uniform bright yellow forest. ) when young ; spores smooth, cylindric, inamyloid: Genus, cylidrinic to oval inamyloid! And a bulbous or sack like base called a volva deserve a Genus of own... These are two yellow capped Brittlecaps with white to cream: 2 mushroom identification on cones! Grayish lilac ; spores smooth to minutely roughened, elliptic, amyloid: 38 ) 38! Amyloid or inamyloid: 35 mushrooms ; spores smooth, inamyloid: 39: 18 to brown, lacking tones... Adhering to the stem and gill spacing are illustrated below from bright orange to rust or brown. Skirt or ring on the cap starts out rounded with a central depression, and white (. 3.1 in ) long × 4–15 mm thick, and white: 37 wide at most, 3/16.

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