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The prophetic section makes up the remaining 17 books of the Old Testament, beginning with Isaiah and ending with Malachi. Athanasius[36] recorded Alexandrian scribes around 340 preparing Bibles for Constans. The historical section is made up of 12 books, from Joshua to Esther, that cover Israel's history from its entrance into the Promised Land until the Medo-Persian era. Empty table cells indicate that a book is absent from that canon. Many of these prophecies, considered independently of the New Testament, afford conclusive proof that the Old Testament is the word of God, for they bear on their front the signet of their divine origin. [6] Scholars such as Andrew R. George point out the similarity of the Genesis flood narrative and the Gilgamesh flood myth. [20] The "wisdom" books – Job, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Psalms, Song of Solomon – have various dates: Proverbs possibly was completed by the Hellenistic time (332–198 BC), though containing much older material as well; Job completed by the 6th century BC; Ecclesiastes by the 3rd century BC. The two Books of Chronicles cover much the same material as the Pentateuch and Deuteronomistic history and probably date from the 4th century BC. In the spirit of ecumenism more recent Catholic translations (e.g. Just because the Bible references another book does not mean that that book is inspired. In Catholic and Orthodox Bibles, Daniel includes three sections not included in Protestant Bibles. [12] Similarly, Will Durant states in Our Oriental Heritage (1935): In its outlines, and barring supernatural incidents, the story of the Jews as unfolded in the Old Testament has stood the test of criticism and archeology; every year adds corroboration from documents, monuments, or excavations. This does not mean that other parts of the Old Testament are devoid of poetry. 1. The Old Testament (often abbreviated OT) is the first part of the Christian biblical canon, which is based primarily upon the twenty-four books of the Hebrew Bible (or Tanakh), a collection of ancient religious Hebrew writings by the Israelites believed by most Christians and religious Jews to be the sacred Word of God. In general, Protestant Bibles do not include the deuterocanonical books in their canon, but some versions of Anglican and Lutheran bibles place such books in a separate section called Apocrypha. In Catholic Bibles, Baruch includes a sixth chapter called the. The so-called "fifth" and "sixth editions" were two other Greek translations supposedly miraculously discovered by students outside the towns of Jericho and Nicopolis: these were added to Origen's Octapla. [22] The Jewish Study Bible denies that covenant means contract. The problem the Old Testament authors faced was that a good God must have had just reason for bringing disaster (meaning notably, but not only, the Babylonian exile) upon his people. The Old Testament Books can be divided in four categories: The Books of the Law (a.k.a. This does not mean that other parts of the Old Testament are devoid of poetry. The order of the books of the Torah is universal through all denominations of Judaism and Christianity. [31], Hebrew texts commenced to be translated into Greek in Alexandria in about 280 and continued until about 130 BC. Hellenized Jews whose knowledge of Greek was better than Hebrew probably finished during the century. … the correct answer is, `` that depends! includes three sections not included in Protestant Bibles Hebrew. There are 5 major prophets and 12 minor how many books are in the old testament ( 17 books of Samuel and Kings often! Protestant Bibles are the earliest extant Christian Bibles is the New Testament size. 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