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Carpinus betulus is a deciduous broadleaf tree, which reaches heights of growth of up to 25 meters (82 ft). The leaves of European hornbeam are ovoid, 4 – 9 cm (1.6 – 3.5 in) long and pointed. In young trees, the bra… An Equal Opportunity University. The nutlets are hard and enclosed by a three-lobed wing. The smooth, gray, muscular-looking bark of American hornbeam is attractive year-round. Hornbeams are richly branched. The young branches are flexible. The yellow flowers (catkins) are yellow and hang down. The smooth, gray, muscular-looking bark of American hornbeam is attractive year-round. Mature wood is beautifully fluted and a handsome slate gray. In September and October the fruit maturity occurs. Several cultivars offer … European hornbeams are excellent in groupings around large buildings and also useful as screens, hedges, and windbreak trees. At altitudes above 600 meters, the hornbeam is not found. The trunk usually has an irregular cross-section. Wild and Cultivated Varieties. Carpinus betulus is a deciduous broadleaf tree, which reaches heights of growth of up to 25 meters (82 ft). ... Bark. The American hornbeam is also occasionally known as blue-beech, ironwood, or musclewood, the first from the resemblance of the bark to that of the American beechFagus grandifolia, the other two from the hardness of the wood and the muscular appearance of the trunk, respectively. The tree's look is enhanced by its crooked trunk and pendulous, zig-zagging branches, which help attract wildlife. This site was last updated on November 19, 2020. Site design : Academic Web Pages. In old age, the branches bend horizontally and break frequently. These include stems of tools or cone balls. The tree is one of the most important cedar trees and grows in Central Europe at altitudes up to 1,000 meters (3300 ft). The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. For graduate student information, contact Dr. Doug Archbold at 859-257-3352, or darchbol@uky.edu, American Hornbeam - Carpinus carolinianaBirch Family (Betulaceae). Germination often takes place only in the second spring after maturity. The flower buds are larger and less pointed. In young trees, the branches grow vertically upwards. The yellowish-white wood dries very fast, but fades strongly. WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. The American hornbeam (C. caroliniana) is also known as water beech and blue beech, the latter for its blue-gray bark.It seldom reaches 12 m, although some trees in the southern United States may grow to 18 m tall. The spindle-shaped winter buds are about eight millimeters long and close to the shoot. The crown is initially conical and older trees form a roundish and expansive crown. Hornbeam wood is processed into objects, which are mechanically stressed. The tree is one of the most important cedar trees and grows in Central Europe at altitudes up to 1,000 meters (3300 ft). The European hornbeam (C. betulus) has a twisted trunk that branches profusely; the tree may grow to 20 m (65 feet).One variety bears normal and oaklike leaves on the same tree. It should be transplanted balled-and- burlapped in the spring. In free standing, the sexual maturity occurs at about 20 years. The European hornbeam has densely textured foliage and handsome, slate-gray smooth to fluted bark. The leaf margin is serrated. It should be transplanted balled-and- burlapped in the spring. Click here, then click on your county either on the map or from the list of counties below it. It is a very strong and tough wood. Only about 60% of the seeds are germinable. The crown is initially conical and older trees form a roundish and expansive crown. The young branches are flexible. It is located in Ulster County, New York. The largest known American hornbeam in the U.S. is 69 feet tall and 2½ feet in diameter. American hornbeam is more difficult to transplant than European hornbeam. For general undergraduate student information, contact Dr. Rick Durham at (859) 257-3249, or rdurham@uky.edu. The hard wood of American hornbeam is used to make golf clubs, tool handles and mallets. The trees are about 150 years old and often have crooked trunks. The inconspicuous flowers appear with the leaves and have no perianth. single tree, planting in groups, hedge plant, tolerates pruning good, back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. The Hornbeam is widespread in Europe and western Asia. The female kittens are about three inches long and green in color. The hornbeam wood has no differences in sapwood and core. American hornbeam has a straight bud. european hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) leaf, european hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) leaf underside, european hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) flower, european hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) flower 2, european hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) fruit, european hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) fruit 2, european hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) terminal bud, european hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) trunk, european hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) tree. The common English name hornbeam derives from the hardness of the woods (likened to horn) and the Old English beam "tree" (cognate with German Baum). Male kittens are about six inches long and yellowish-green. Initially, the young leaves are hairy on their underside, but later they become blunted. Trees are pyramidal when young becoming rounded with age. The margin of the egg-shaped leaves is double serrated. The hornbeam flowers in the months of April to May. As a monoecious plant, the male and female flowers of hornbeam always appear on a plant. The trunk usually has an irregular cross-section. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. In freestanding trees, the broad oval crown is particularly powerful. European hornbeam is a deciduous tree growing 10’ in 10 years to 40-60’ in height at maturity. The dark green leaves turn an attractive yellow in the fall, and the bark and buds are ornamental in winter. The branches are bent back and forth. Send mail to cgcass0@uky.edu with questions about this site. European hornbeam has a curved bud. The botanic name for the genus, Carpinus, is the original Latin na… In the woods sexual maturity is reached after about 35 years. The alternate leaves are up to ten inches long and four inches wide. American hornbeam is more difficult to transplant than European hornbeam. The trees are about 150 years old and often have crooked trunks. The hornbeam very well to cutting. For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or krista.jacobsen@uky.edu. Finches, ruffed grouse and wild turkeys eat American hornbeam nutlets. Hornbeams are richly branched. Due to its high calorific value, hornbeam wood is a good supplier of charcoal. The shape of the bud is an identifying difference between the American hornbeam and the closely related European hornbeam (Carpinus betulus). © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. Privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view ( carpinus betulus is a deciduous broadleaf tree, are... 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